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TYC Lunchtime Seminar: Engineering and predicting the electronic and optical properties of porphyrin-based structures
6 June 2022 @ 12:00 pm – 12:30 pm
Victor H Posligua Hernandez
Deaprtment of Chemistry
Abstract: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising photocatalytic materials due to their high surface area and tuneability of their electronic structure. We will discuss how to engineer the band structures and optical properties of a family of two-dimensional porphyrin-based MOFs, consisting of M-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin structures (M-TCPP, where M = Zn or Co) and metal (Co, Ni, Cu or Zn) paddlewheel clusters, with the aim of optimising their photocatalytic behaviour in solar fuel synthesis reactions (water-splitting and/or CO2 reduction). Based on density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT simulations with a hybrid functional, three types of composition/structural modifications were studied: (a) varying the metal centre at the paddlewheel or at the porphyrin centre to modify the band alignment; (b) partially reducing the porphyrin unit to chlorin, which leads to stronger absorption of visible light; and (c) substituting the benzene bridging between the porphyrin and paddlewheel, by ethyne or butadiyne bridges, with the aim of modifying the linker to metal charge transfer behaviour. Our work offers new insights on how to improve the photocatalytic behaviour of porphyrin- and paddlewheel-based MOFs.